Month: August 2022

Ground source heat pumps are a type of renewable energy system that uses the Earth’s temperature to produce hot water or space heating. They can also be used for cooling and they are efficient, quiet, and long-lasting.

An increasingly popular option for homeowners worried about their energy costs and environmental impact, maasoojuspumbad (geothermal heat pump) transfer heat between your home and the ground around it by circulating a water/anti-freeze solution through buried polyethylene tubing, also known as a “loop field” or “ground array.” Even though this technology has only been around for 50 years, the idea actually dates back much further.

They work by using two different sources of power – electricity from the grid (or generator) and the earth’s thermal gradient. There are three main types of ground source heat pump systems:

  • Electric Geothermal Heat Pump (EGHP)
  • Direct Use Geothermal Energy System (DUGES)
  • Vertical GeoStream™ Solar Water Heater / Geothermal System (VHGSS)
  • We will discuss each in more detail below.

Electric Geothermal Heat Pump (EGHP)

An electric geothermal heat pump is one where the heat pump uses the natural thermal gradient between the surface and deeper levels of the earth as its primary resource. This allows it to be used in colder areas than traditional ground source heat pumps, such as areas with less than 15 degrees Celsius per hour average temperatures. The electric geothermal heat pump has a compressor that moves refrigerant through a closed loop system to extract and absorb heat from the earth and then return the heated fluid back into the earth’s core. The heat pump itself is powered by either an electrical connection to the power grid or solar panels connected to the heat pump via a battery backup system.

The Electric Geothermal Heat Pump is very similar to the other two types of ground source heat pump except that the compressor is powered by the grid rather than by the thermal gradient of the earth’s core.


  • Efficiency

Because this type of heat pump can operate at low ambient temperatures it is more efficient than other types of heat pumps. Efficiency rates can reach up to 90% on average.

  • Quiet

Since the electricity powering the electric geothermal heat pump comes from the grid, there is no need for any additional noise making equipment like fan coils.

  • Long-lasting

These heat pumps have no moving parts so they do not wear out quickly or require regular maintenance. They last much longer than conventional ground source heat pumps.


  • Cost

An electric geothermal heat pump costs around $1000-$2000 more than a direct use geothermal system.

  • Solar Powered

Since these units are powered by the grid, you cannot choose your own source of power and must depend upon the availability of the grid. You may also need to install solar panels which can add another $1000 to the cost.


A direct use geothermal heat pump uses the same principles as the electric geothermal heat pump but instead of using electricity from the grid, it uses the thermal gradient of the earth’s core to provide the power source. Instead of the compressor being powered by the grid, the DUGES unit uses a separate set of motors that move the refrigerant to absorb heat. Because the heat pump uses less electricity than an electric geothermal heat pump, it is less expensive and easier to install. However, because it does not use the grid, it needs to be equipped with batteries just in case the power goes out during installation. It is recommended that two sets of batteries be installed at 10 feet apart to ensure that the unit will still function if the power fails.


  • Low initial operating cost

The direct use geothermal heat pump is less costly than other types of geothermal heat pumps because it doesn’t need to purchase a grid connection.

  • Easy installation

Direct use geothermal heat pumps only need to be installed underground and do not require drilling to install the piping.

  • No additional noise

Unlike a typical geothermal heat pump, there is no fan coil to make noise.

  • Less expensive

A direct use geothermal heat pump costs about half the price of an electric geothermal heat pump.


  • Requires batteries

In addition to needing the extra set of batteries mentioned above, a direct use geothermal heat pump requires a battery charger. This adds another $100-$200 to the cost of a new system.

  • Lack of control over the power source

The batteries will run down eventually and will need to be replaced periodically. Since the batteries are constantly losing their charge, it is important to replace them before they completely die. If the batteries run down too far, they won’t be able to start the unit and it will need to be reinstalled. This could be an expensive proposition.


While this system provides much lower initial operational cost, it does not offer the ability to control the amount of heat that is extracted from the earth’s core and returned to the earth’s surface. Thus, while it is cheaper to install initially, it is difficult to predict how much heat will be produced over time and there is little control over the amount of heat that is actually being transferred into the environment.


A vertical geo stream solar water heater and geothermal system works similarly to a direct use geothermal heat pump but instead of using electricity from the grid, it uses the thermal gradient of the earth’s core to provide the power source.

The VHGSS combines the functionality of both a solar water heater and a geothermal heat pump. The water flowing through the solar water heater heats up the earth’s core which produces heat throughout the entire house. Thus, the VHGSS is ideal for homes with multiple rooms to heat or cool. The VHGSS is also useful for houses with large amounts of glass windows since the sun directly warms the exterior surfaces without having to pass through the interior walls.


  • Control over the power source

The VHGSS provides more control over the amount of heat being transferred into the environment. By turning off the solar water heater when the house isn’t occupied and installing a programmable thermostat, the homeowner can control the amount of heat being generated.

  • High efficiency

The VHGSS is highly efficient since it utilizes the sun’s heat to generate heat throughout the entire home.


  • Expensive

The VHGSS is currently priced at around $10,000-$15,000

  • Not suitable for all regions

The VHGSS is only designed to work in areas where the earth’s temperature is conducive to providing enough heat to meet the needs of a home with two or more bedrooms and no air conditioning.


All three of the ground source heat pump systems discussed here are effective methods of generating heat for residential purposes. The decision regarding which system to implement should take into account several factors including cost, available area, and heat requirements. For instance, the electric geothermal heat pump is a good option for homes with a limited living area and a high demand for space heating.

The DUGES and VHGSS systems are excellent options for homes that require more than one bedroom and have a relatively small footprint. The VHGSS is particularly well suited for homes with large amounts of glass windows and doors. 

Playing games is fun, but learning to play them can be frustrating. It’s not easy to learn how to play a game when you don’t know what it’s all about. I have good news for you though because there are some great free ways to learn how to play Fortnite for free. 

With the help of these tips and tricks, you’ll soon be able to get into the action. So, let’s jump right in! 

So, first things first… 

What Is Fortnite? 

When you think of video games, Fortnite probably isn’t one that comes to mind. But, this popular battle royale shooter has been around for quite some time now. And, if you’re interested in learning how to play Fortnite, you should definitely give it a shot. 

The premise of Fortnite is simple. You start out in the middle of a massive map with nothing more than your trusty pickaxe and a few supplies. Your goal is to reach the end of the level alive while destroying everything along the way. This can take hours and hours of gameplay depending on how long the level takes to finish. 

However, as soon as you’ve completed the level, you move on to the next. There are over 100 different levels to play through. You can expect each one to take an hour or so at most. 

Why Should I Care About Playing Fortnite? 

One of the main reasons why people love to play this game is its fast-paced nature. If you like to play games where you need to react quickly and make split-second decisions, then Fortnite might be perfect for you. 

Another reason why people enjoy playing Fortnite is due to its accessibility. The controls are fairly simple, making it easy for anyone to hop in and start playing. It also doesn’t require any expensive equipment (unless you want to build stuff). 

You will never run out of things to do either. Each day brings new challenges. Whether you’re looking for a quick distraction from work or just something to do while the kids are sleeping, Fortnite is always available. 

Now that we’ve covered the basics, here are some tips and tricks to learning how to play Fortnite for free: 

1) Get A Good Head Start 

The best thing you can do before starting Fortnite is to go ahead and download the game. While it’s not necessary to play this particular game, it does offer a bit of a head start. Once you’ve downloaded the game, you’ll still need to install it. 

This process can be confusing, but it’s worth doing. Once done, you’ll be ready to hit the ground running once you’ve booted up the game. 

2) Use YouTube As A Reference Guide 

If you haven’t played Fortnite before, you may find yourself confused by certain aspects of the game. The best way to learn how to play Fortnite is to watch other players who already know how to play. 

Of course, if you’re not willing to spend money on a video guide, YouTube can come in handy. This site offers tutorials and walkthroughs that show you how to complete specific tasks. However, many of these videos are available for free. Just look for the ones that show you how to perform specific actions. 

3) Download the Latest Version Of Fortnite 

While the actual version of the game matters little, it is always good practice to keep the latest version of a game updated. Doing this ensures that you’ll always have access to the newest content. 

To check for updates, just navigate to the Fortnite website and click on the Updates tab. From there, you can determine whether or not the game is currently being patched or if any additional features have been added. 

4) Understand How To Build Stuff 

Building is one of the core elements of Fortnite. In order to survive, you’ll need to build defenses, fortify areas, and gather resources. 

It’s important to remember that building needs to be done efficiently. If you rush through the process, you could miss out on vital upgrades or even fall victim to enemy attacks. That said, learning how to build in Fortnite is worth your time. 

5) Practice Makes Perfect 

Practice makes perfect. Unfortunately, no matter how much you try, you’ll never truly get better without some form of feedback. Fortunately, there is a game mode called Practice Mode that you can use to hone your skills. 

Once you’ve gotten comfortable with the game, you’ll be ready to move onto the real deal. With Practice Mode, you can test out your abilities against increasingly difficult opponents until you feel confident enough to tackle the tougher stages of the game. 

6) Be Patient 

As mentioned above, Fortnite takes a lot of time to master. And, since there are no refunds in this world, you’ll need to put in as much effort as possible. Even after mastering the game, you’ll still need to spend time practicing. 

Remember, this isn’t a race. It’s a marathon. So, it’s perfectly acceptable to take breaks along the way. Don’t sweat the small stuff. Instead, focus on what you can control. 

7) Keep Your Enemies At Arm’s Length 

A common mistake among beginners is trying to fight enemies head on. While this is a good way to rack up kills early on, it’s not going to work in the long term. 

Instead, try to stay calm and avoid getting close to your enemies. Remember that they are trying to kill you too. As such, they have plenty of experience fighting under stressful conditions. They are likely to attack you sooner rather than later. 

8) Avoid Making Mistakes 

There’s a saying that goes “fool me once, shame on you; fool me twice, shame on me.” The idea behind this saying is that if you make a mistake in life, you shouldn’t let it happen again. 

That said, the same principle applies to video games. When you make mistakes, you’re going to lose valuable points. Not only will this cost you in terms of experience points, but you could also lose valuable items. 

9) Know When To Back Off 

It’s tempting to keep pushing forward, especially when you’re winning. But, if you continue to press your luck, you may end up losing the battle altogether. 

Don’t become desperate. Instead, back off and regroup. After all, the other team won’t be standing still. In fact, they’ll be itching to attack you again. Make sure you pay attention to their movements and react accordingly. 

10) Stay Focused On What Matters 

At times, it’s easy to get caught up in the thrill of winning. This is especially true when you’re playing for the first time. However, it’s important to remember that victory is fleeting. It will pass. 

Keep your eyes glued to the prize and you’ll be well on your way to becoming a master player. 

Playing the black knight Fortnite is the choice of the young generation players. They love to play the game due to the various unique features that it contains. A person can even play the game for free if they will keep the above-mentioned points in mind.  Some platform just provides paid services.


Learning how to play Fortnite for free is easy. All you need is some patience and a willingness to practice. By following the tips above, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a master of the game. 

After all, it’s hard to win matches if you can’t see where you’re going wrong. So, if you’re having trouble figuring out what you need to do, just ask someone who knows.

You’ve probably heard of the fad diet that’s sweeping the country and beyond. It’s called “The Hallelujah Diet,” and it promises to help you lose a bunch of weight in just 21 days.

But there are many people who have tried this method, often with very sad results. So before you make an expensive commitment to try this diet, consider these nine common mistakes that could be slowing down your progress (and making you more likely to fail).

  1. You’re doing too much at once

This is one of the biggest reasons why so many diets don’t work. If you’re trying to lose weight by eating less food, then you really need to cut out all the other things you eat — including all those snacks that you know you should be cutting back on but can’t seem to bring yourself to do so. And if you’re trying to lose weight through exercise, then you need to start taking shorter showers, or making your bed every morning, or getting up earlier. That way, when you get home from work, you’ll have already exercised for a few minutes before you sit down to dinner.

The person should not plan to do the high amount of the thing at a time. The working of the person must be as per the efficiency of the body. If the person wants to get more information than he can click here and get the detail as who and when to consume the options.

  1. You’re not measuring what you’re actually eating

When you’re trying to lose weight, you need to pay attention to exactly how much you’re eating and drink each day. It doesn’t matter if you think you’re drinking enough water or if you think you’re exercising enough. The thing is, you need to know how much you’re actually eating. Otherwise, you won’t know whether or not you’re losing any weight. This might sound like a big hassle, but it’s worth it. There are apps for smartphones that can track everything you eat and measure the calories you consume. Or you can use a calculator online.

  1. You’re relying on willpower alone

Even though we want to believe that our willpower is unlimited, it isn’t. Instead, it’s limited by our biology. When we go without food, our body starts to feel hunger pangs, even though we haven’t eaten anything yet. This means that if you rely on willpower alone, you will always find yourself going off your plan sooner than you planned.

  1. Your mindset is sabotaging your efforts

There’s nothing worse than feeling depressed about your weight loss journey. We all know that feeling, because we’ve been there ourselves. But here’s the good news: It’s completely fixable. In fact, it’s something we can control. The first step in fixing your mindset is understanding that your brain is wired to store emotional memories as physical ones. So any negative emotions you have around your weight loss — especially anger or frustration — can end up physically stored in your body as fat. Once you understand this, you can begin to change your mental outlook.

  1. You’re using bad weight loss advice

If you’re reading this article, chances are that you’re looking for some kind of weight loss advice. But before you take action, make sure you know exactly what you’re dealing with. For example, there are lots of supplements available that claim they can help you lose weight, but they’re often little more than snake oil.

  1. You’re not paying attention to your weight loss goals

It’s easy to get discouraged when you see that you’ve gained a pound or two over the past week. But that’s only half the story. What you need to focus on is where you started. Remember that your goal was to lose 5 pounds per month? How long has it been since you hit your goal? If you’re still losing weight, great! Keep it up. If you stopped losing, then you need to get back into the swing of things. Start small and build up your weight loss gradually.

  1. You’re giving up on your health

It’s true that most of us live lives of unhealthy excesses. But we also have to remember that we all have bodies that require maintenance. Our body needs fuel to function properly, and that means we need to eat healthy foods in order to keep them functioning at their best. But it also means that we need to eat more often throughout the day. If we skip meals (or worse, snack), we risk putting our bodies in starvation mode.

  1. You’re relying on fad diets instead of real-world solutions

We love fad diets, because they promise instant results. They tell us that we can lose weight overnight, and that our bodies will never crave junk foods again. But they aren’t realistic. Fasting is not sustainable, and it comes with its own set of risks. The truth is, you need to eat balanced meals every single day in order to stay healthy and happy. That means that if you’re skipping breakfast or lunch, you’re missing out on important nutrients that will help you burn fat throughout the rest of the day.

  1. You’re letting yourself give up

Sometimes, it feels like we don’t have any control over our weight or our weight loss journey. But that’s simply not true. We absolutely do. It’s just that sometimes, we need to learn to push ourselves a bit harder. Sometimes, we need to say no to social events because we want to be able to eat better. Sometimes, we need to put our phones away and spend time with loved ones instead of checking Facebook or Twitter.

So next time you’re tempted to give up on your weight loss journey, remember that you do have control. Even if you feel like you’re stuck somewhere in the middle, you can get unstuck. Just make small changes every day, and eventually you’ll reach your ultimate goal.

When it comes to real estate investing, there are a number of ways investors can go about buying and selling property. Investors who want to be successful with this type of investment need to understand that they will not always come out on top when competing against the crowd. In order to beat the crowd when investing in real estate, you must know how to do things right from the beginning. 

There are a few different approaches to investing in real estate that most people use. They include buying property directly from sellers; purchasing property through an REO (real estate owned) loan, or by participating in a rental program. There are also other options for those who wish to invest in real estate through a limited partnership known as a “flip” operation. 

The first option, where investors purchase property directly from a seller, is probably one of the least desirable methods of investing because it requires a great deal of time and effort to find properties that will fit your needs. You’ll have to take care of many details and deal with a host of headaches that usually result from having to work with real estate agents. And if you decide to buy property from a lender, such as a bank or credit union, you will still have to handle all of these details yourself. While some of the details may be easier than those found in dealing with a real estate agent, you will still face challenges when working with banks. For example, banks often require you to provide a down payment and/or pay points. 

If you choose to invest in real estate through a REO loan, or through a rental program, you will likely have fewer headaches. But you can also save additional money by using a rental management company to manage your investments. A rental management company typically charges a fee to help you get access to income-producing property. These companies also charge fees to landlords who allow them to manage their rental units. 

While the advantages of investing in real estate through a REO loan or rental program are numerous, the disadvantages are significant. The biggest disadvantage is that you will only own the property until it’s sold. Once you sell it, you lose any profits you’ve made. Another drawback to this method of investing is that you will have to wait longer to receive any returns. Most REO loans close within 90 days, but some may be sold after 180 days. If you opt to rent property out and keep the property, you will earn interest over the entire period of ownership. 

In addition to waiting longer to receive your profits, you’ll also have to wait until you’re ready to sell the property in order to make a profit. This means that you won’t see a return on your investment until you’ve already spent money on expenses like mortgage payments, taxes, repairs, maintenance, and insurance. 

If you’d rather be able to control your cash flow and start profiting sooner, then a flip operation may be perfect for you. Many people believe that the greatest advantage of flipping property is that you don’t have to worry about managing the property yourself. Instead, you simply buy and resell the same property several times, taking advantage of the rising value each time. However, this approach has its downsides as well. 

For instance, you will have to spend a great deal of time finding profitable deals, since you won’t have much experience in this area. When you buy a new house or condo, you’ll have to research the market conditions and determine whether the property is priced appropriately. It’s not enough to just look at the price tag. You should consider how long the property has been on the market, what kind of condition it’s in, what improvements have been made, and other factors. 

Once you find a property that meets your needs, it will still cost money to prepare it for resale. For example, you’ll have to clean up clutter, repaint walls, or replace plumbing fixtures. All of these costs add up and eat into your profits. 

The person need to be really careful whether he is investing at their own level or taking the help of the agents. The has various options of the homes that are available for the sale. A person can make the proper analysis and then select the best option at a reasonable rate.

Another issue with flipping property is that you’ll face competition from other investors who are looking to make quick gains. Since you’ll likely be the last person to discover a profitable opportunity, you’ll have to compete against others to get your hands on a good deal. 

When it comes to choosing between these three types of investing, you should consider which one offers the best combination of benefits and drawbacks. You might also want to consider the amount of risk involved in each one. If you’re more comfortable with the idea of putting your money at risk, then you should think twice before going with a rental program. On the other hand, if you prefer being in complete control, then you may want to avoid REOs altogether. 

There are two schools of thought when it comes to investing in real estate. One school favors active ownership while the other advocates passive investing. While the differences between these two philosophies can sometimes seem pretty black and white, they actually boil down to one simple question: How much risk are you willing to take? 

The active investor takes greater risks and accepts higher levels of financial loss, whereas the passive investor seeks to limit his losses by avoiding riskier ventures entirely. As you can imagine, the active investor tends to enjoy greater returns on his investments. 

While both strategies have their pros and cons, the active investor enjoys far better results when he makes risky moves. He’s able to take advantage of fluctuations in the markets by making timely decisions that lead him to profitable opportunities. 

On the other hand, the passive investor is less likely to suffer from a bad decision, since he’s not taking any chances. He’s content to ride out the storm and wait patiently for the market to turn around. Of course, this strategy doesn’t work very well either. Even though the passive investor avoids financial risk, he can still end up losing money due to unforeseen circumstances. 

So while both strategies have their advantages and disadvantages, you may want to consider your personal situation when deciding whether to become an active or passive investor. Some people have the desire and ability to take greater risks, while others aren’t comfortable with the idea of playing the stock market. Whichever you choose, you should always remember that there’s no guarantee that you’ll ever see a positive return on your investment. 

Investors who are interested in learning more about real estate investing should consider joining a local real estate investment club. These clubs offer information on various aspects of the industry and often hold seminars and workshops that teach attendees everything they need to know about investing.